Travel to Historic Route 66 through Arizona

Route 66 can trace its history from the late 1920s, when it was first proposed and presented. However, it was not until 1938 that the road was completely paved from the eastern beginning in Chicago, Illinois, to the western terminus of Santa Monica, CA, approximately 2,450 miles later. Of course, the route can be traveled either to the east or to the west, although most travelers on Route 66 prefer to travel from east to west, as did the Joad family in John Steinbeck's famous literary work, The Grapes of Wrath.

Unfortunately, Route 66 began to be replaced in the '60s by new interstates that bypassed many small towns along the way and was completely removed from the interstate highway system in 1985. However, in part for many Route 66 organizations, small town chambers of commerce, enthusiasts and historians a lot have refused to let her die. In the last 25 years, there has been a new resurgence of heritage tourism, which has renewed interest in preserving this great piece of American history and nostalgia, which is Route 66.

Often referred to as "The Mother Road", "America's Main Street" or "Will Rogers Highway", the route passes through eight different states: Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California. Let's take a closer look at Arizona.


Heading west, Arizona is 7th out of 8 Route 66 states and is 401 miles from border to border. It boasts of some of the most beautiful scenery, some of the most unique units, the highest altitude and the longest uninterrupted portion of Route 66 throughout the journey.

Geographically, Arizona is home to Meteor Crater, Petrified Forest and Painted Desert. These locations offer some incredible photo opportunities, but also a chance to explore and hike these natural attractions.

About 75 miles into Arizona, passing through both the petrified forest and the painted desert, is Holbrook City. Home to the Wigwam Village Motel, most travelers on Route 66 are looking forward to sleeping in a tepee and many cite this landmark as the highlight of their trip. Further west is Joseph City, a Mormon unit established in the late 1870s. Located in Joseph City is the famous Jackrabbit Trading Post. One of Route 66's most popular sites for signature is the famous billboard that exclaims "HERE IS" located at the Jackrabbit Trading Post.

Further west, the Meteor crater and the "standin" cities at the corner of "Winslow", the two extended rocks, the two abandoned arrows and Winona "don't forget" are Flagstaff. Flagstaff is home to the famous Lowell Observatory and is also the gateway to the Grand Canyon located an hour's drive north. The canyon is worth a side trip on Route 66 to see one of the eight natural wonders of the world. If you wish, you can also access the spectacular Grand Canyon via the Grand Canyon Railway in Williams, just 30 km west of Flagstaff. Between Flagstaff and Williams is Brannigan Peak. At 7,320 meters above sea level is the highest point of altitude along the entire route of Rt. 66.

25 km west of Williams is Ash Fork, the flagstone capital of the world. Even after Fork Ash, you can say goodbye to I-40 as you begin the longest uninterrupted portion of Route 66 throughout the journey. Be sure to stop by the legendary Snow Cap Drive-in in Seligman and the fascinating general store in Hackberry before arriving in Kingman. Here you will find many well-maintained business units traveling to Route 66, including a well-made museum.

Make sure you leave Kingman while you still have daylight, as you will not miss the incredible scenery as you travel through the Black Mountain Swings and Hairstyles. Oatman awaits, as do many wild donkeys who call home the mining town. Be sure to check out the historic Oatman Hotel, where Clark Gable and Carole Lombard spent their honeymoon.

Leaving Oatman, you can make a quick trip to the Laughlin Nevada casinos and try your luck or continue on Golden Shores, Topock and return to I-40 to cross the mighty Colorado River in California.

Corn and blood sugar and the rise and fall of the Cleveland Mafia

Chapter I

"Big Ange" and the Cleveland Mafia Death

In 1983, 72-year-old Angelo Lonardo, the Cleveland boss of the Mafia, became a government informant. He shocked family, friends, law enforcement officers and, in particular, criminal associations with his decision which was taken after he was sentenced to life plus 103 years for drug and missile convictions. The sentence came after a monumental investigation by local, state and federal agencies, although they removed the Cleveland Mafia.

"Big Ange", as it was called, was the highest ranking gangster. He testified in 1985 at the "skimming" trials of the Las Vegas casino in Kansas City and in 1986 at the "steering committee" trials of the New York Mafia. Many of the largest car leaders in the country have been convicted as a result of these trials.

During his testimony, Lonardo told how at 18, he avenged his father's murder by killing the man believed to be responsible. He also testified that after that crime, he was responsible for killing several Porrello brothers, his father's business rivals during Prohibition.

Chapter II

The Cleveland Mafia Birth

During the late eighteen hundred, the four Lonardo brothers and the seven Porrello brothers were childhood friends and collaborators of the sulfur mine in the hometown of Licata, Sicily. They came to America in the early nineteen hundred and eventually settled in the Woodland district of Cleveland. There were close friends. Several of the Porrello and Lonardo brothers worked together in small businesses.

The leader of the Lonardo "Big Joe" clan has become a successful businessman and community leader in the lower area of ​​Woodland Boulevard. During Prohibition, he became successful as a dealer in corn sugar, which was used by bootleggers to make corn liqueur. "Big Joe" provided residues and raw materials to the poor residents of the Italian district. They would make the drink and "Big Joe" would buy it back by giving them a commission. He was respected and feared as "master" or godfather. "Big Joe" became the leader of a strong and vicious gang and was known as the "baron" of corn sugar. Joe Porrello was one of the corporations.

Chapter III

The First Bloody Corner

With the advent of Prohibition, Cleveland, like other big cities, experienced a wave of bootleg-related crimes. The murders of Louis Rosen, Salvatore Vella, August Rini and a few others produced the same suspects, but they were not indictments. These suspects were members of the Lonardo gang. Some of the murders occurred at the corner of E. 25th and Woodland Ave. This intersection became known as the "bloody corner".

By this time, Joe Porrello had left Lonardos's employee to start his own sugar business.

Porrello and his six siblings gathered their money and eventually became successful dealers with corn sugar based in the Woodland Avenue area around E. 110th Street.

With small competitors, sugar dealers and booties, who mysteriously died violent deaths, the Lonardos business flourished as they acquired a near monopoly on the corn sugar business. Their main competitors were their old friends Porrellos.

Raymond Porrello, the youngest of his brothers, was arrested by undercover federal agents for organizing a sale of 100 gallons of whiskey at Porrello's hairdresser at E. 110th and Woodland. He was sentenced to Dayton, Oh. Workhouse.

The Porrello brothers paid the influential "Big Joe" Lonardo $ 5,000 to get Raymond out of jail. "Big Joe"

failed in his attempt, but never returned $ 5,000.

Meanwhile, Ernest Yorkell and Jack Brownstein, self-proclaimed "tough boys," from Philadelphia, came to Cleveland. Yorkell and Brownstein were quake artists, and their intended victims were Cleveland bootleggers, who got a giggle from how the two felt it was necessary to explain that they were harsh. Real boys didn't have to tell people they were strong. After the Cleveland gangsters laughed, Yorkell and Brownstein were taken on a "one-way trip."

Chapter IV

Maize sugar and blood

"Big Joe" Lonardo in 1926, now at the height of his wealth and power, left for Sicily to visit his mother and

relatives. He left his closest brother and business partner John.

During his six-month absence of "Big Joe," he lost much of his $ 5,000 per week profits to Porrellos, who took advantage of John Lonardo's lack of business skills and the assistance of an unhappy Lonardo employee. "Big Joe" returned and business talks between Porrellos and Lonardos began.

They "urged" Porrellos to return their lost customers.

On October 13, 1927 "Big Joe" and John Lonardo went to the Porrello hairdressing salon to play books and discuss business with Angelo Porrello as they did last week. When Lonardos entered the back room of the store, two gunmen opened fire. Angelo Porrello went under a table.

The Cleveland underworld lost its first boss while "Big Joe" went down with three bullets in his head. John Lonardo was shot in the chest and groin, but fired his weapon and managed to track down the attackers through the hairdresser. He threw his gun in the shop, but continued to chase the people down the street where one of them turned and, from bullets, hit Lonardo several times in the head with the butt of the gun. John fell unconscious and was bleeding to death.

The Porrello brothers were arrested. Angelo was charged with the crimes of the Lonardo brothers. Subsequently, the charges were dropped for lack of evidence. Joe Porrello succeeded Lonardos as a "baron" with corn sugar and was later called the "mafia" of the Cleveland Mafia.

Chapter V

The Cleveland meeting

Bootleg bloodlines continued to flow with numerous crimes stemming from the Porrello-Lonardo conflict.

Lawrence Lupo, a former Lonardo bodyguard was killed after announcing he wants to take over the sugar business of Lonardos corn.

Anthony Caruso, a butcher who saw Lonardos' killers escape was shot and killed. He was believed to know the identities of the army and would reveal them to the police.

On December 5, 1928, Joe Porrello and his lieutenant and bodyguard Sam Tilocco hosted the first known important Mafia meeting at the Cleveland Statler Hotel. Many great Mafia leaders from Chicago to New York to Florida were invited. The meeting was attacked before it actually started.

Joe Profaci, the leader of a gangster family in Brooklyn, N.Y., was the best-known of the arrested gangsters. Within hours, to the astonishment of police and court officials, Joe Porrello gathered thirty family members and friends who put up their homes as a guarantee for gangster ties. Profaci was personally saved by Porrello. There was a great deal of controversy regarding the validity of the bonds.

Several theories were presented regarding why the meeting was convened. First, gangsters, the local presidents of the Sicilian Union, an Mafia-infiltrated aid society, were thought to be there to elect a new national president. Their former president, Frankie Yale, was recently killed by the order of the notorious Al Capone in Chicago. Secondly, it was believed that the meeting could have been convened

to organize the highly profitable corn sugar industry. It was also said that the men were there to "confirm" Joe Porrello as a "capo" in Cleveland.

Capone, a non-Sicilian, was reported to Cleveland for the meeting. He left soon after his arrival at

the advice of the associates who said that the Sicilians did not want him there.

Chapter VI

The second bloody corner

As the power and wealth of Joe Porrello increased, the heirs and close associates of the Lonardo brothers grew hot for revenge.

Angelo Lonardo, the 18-year-old son of "Big Joe," along with his mother and cousin, drove to corner E. 110 and Woodland, the Porrello fortress. There Angelo sent word that his mother wanted to speak to Salvatore "Sam Sam" Todaro. Todaro, now Lieutenant Porrello, had worked for Angelo's father and was believed to be responsible for his killing. In later years, it was believed that he was actually one of the gunmen.

As Todaro approached to speak to Mrs. Lonardo, whom he respected, Angelo pulled out a gun and emptied it into Black Sam's "left frame." Todaro collapsed on the sidewalk and died.

Angelo and his cousin disappeared for several months, as he hid in Chicago, with the kindness of his friend Lonardo Al Capone. Later, it was believed that Angelo spent time in California with his uncle Dominick, his fourth brother Lonardo, who fled west when charged with a 1921 robbery charge.

Eventually, Angelo and his cousin were arrested and charged with the "Black Sam" murder. For the first time in Cleveland's crime history, crimes have been convicted, as both youths have been convicted and sentenced to life. Justice, although served, would be reduced, as they will be released only a year and a half later after winning a new trial.

Chapter VII

Rise of the Mayfield Road Mob

On October 20, 1929, Frank Lonardo, brother of "Big Joe" and John were shot to death while playing cards. Two theories were given for his death; that he was in revenge for the killing of "Black Sam" Todaro and that he was killed for not paying gambling debts. Mrs. Frank Lonardo, when told

Her husband's crime screamed, "I will receive them. I will receive them myself if I have to kill an entire regiment!"

By 1929, Frank Milano, the crime boss, came to power as the leader of his own gang, "Mayfield Road Mob". The Milan group formed part of the remains of the Lonardo gang and was also associated with the powerful "Cleveland Syndicate", Morrie Kleinman, Moe Dalitz, Sam Tucker and Louis Rothkopf. The Cleveland Syndicate was responsible for most of the Canadian beverage imported from Lake Erie. In the following years they entered the casinos business. One of the largest and most profitable businesses was the construction of the Desert Inn / Casino in Las Vegas. Dalitz will become known as the "Las Vegas Godfather."

Joe Porrello admired the political organization in Milan, the East End Bi-Partisan Club and, seeing the value in this influence, wanted to join the group. Milan refused. Later, Porrello was reportedly affiliated with the new Republican Club format of District 21. He hoped to organize voters on Woodland Avenue, as did Milan on Mayfield Road.

Chapter VIII

More corn and blood sugar

By 1930, Milan had become quite powerful. He had come to ask for a paper from the lucrative Porrello corn sugar business. On July 5, 1930, Porrello received a phone call from Milan, requesting a conference at his Venetian restaurant on Mayfield Road. Sam Tilocco and Joe Porrello's brother Raymond urged him not to go.

Around 2pm, Joe Porrello and Sam Tilocco arrived at the restaurant in Milan and spoke. Porrello, Tilocco and Frank Milano sat in the restaurant and talked about business. A few of the people from Milan settled nearby. The atmosphere was tense, as Porrello refused to accept Milan's demands.

Porrello reached into his pocket for the clock to check the time. Two of Milan's men, probably thinking Porrello was coming for his weapon, opened fire. Porrello died instantly with three bullets in his head. At the same time, a third member of the Milan squad fired at Tilocco, who was hit three times, but managed to clear the door to his new Cadillac. He fell to the ground as the guns pursued him, finishing with six more bullets.

Frank Milano and some of his restaurant employees were arrested, but only accused of suspicious people. Shipowners have never been identified. Only one witness was present in the salon when the shooting began. It was Frank Joiner, a slot machine distributor whose only testimony was that he "thought" he saw Frank Milano in the restaurant during the murders.

Cleveland's aggressive and widespread safety director, Edwin Barry, frustrated by the ever-increasing number of bootleg killings, ordered all known sugar stores to be locked. He ordered a policeman to be detailed to each to ensure that no sugar was brought or removed.

In the meantime, the six Porrello brothers wore black silk shirts and ties and buried their most successful brother. The spectacular double gangster burial was one of Cleveland's biggest. Two lanes and thirty-three cars overloaded with flowers led the procession of the killed man and his bodyguard. There followed more than two hundred and fifty cars containing family and friends. Thousands of mourners and onlookers with gazes on the sidewalks.

The undercover world of Cleveland was teeming with imminent rumors of war. Porrello's brother, Vincente-James, spoke openly about erasing all those responsible for killing his brother.

Three weeks after his brother was killed, Jim Porrello was still wearing a black shirt as he entered the food and meat market on E. 110th Street and Woodland. As he removed the lamb chops to the meat counter, a Ford passenger car, with the curtains pulled tight, slowly passed the shop. Several firearms were removed and two were fired, one through the front window of the store and one through the front screen door.

The gun lovers were lucky. Two pellets found the back of Porrello's head and entered his brain. He was rushed to the hospital.

Chapter IX

"I think maybe they'll kill us all Porrellos"

"I think maybe they'll kill us all Porrellos. I think maybe they'll kill us all, except for Rosario. I can't

kill him – he's in prison. Thus, Ottavio Porrello calmly but calmly predicted the likely fate of himself and his brothers while waiting outside Jim's hospital room. Jim Porrello died at 5:55 p.m.

Two local gangsters were arrested and charged with murder. One was discharged through a directed verdict, and the other was acquitted. Like almost all crimes related to the Cleveland muzzle, the killers have never seen justice.

Around this time, it was rumored that the Porrello brothers were marked for extermination. The one who survives

the brothers hid. Raymond, known for his flirtatious attitude and hot temper, spoke of how his brother James had sought revenge. However, Raymond was smarter, took active steps to protect himself.

On August 15, 1930, three weeks after the assassination of James Porrello, Raymond Porrello's house was leveled in a violent explosion. He has not been home at the time, since he took his family and left his house pending the attack.

Four days later, Frank Alessi, the witness to the murder of Big Joe's brother Big Lonardo, was shot. From his deathbed, he identified Frank Brancato as his aggressor. Brancato was mainly known as Lonardo's supporter and suspect in several crimes. Brancato was acquitted of Alessi's murder.

Chapter X

In March 1931, Rosario Porrello was sentenced to the London Prison Farm, where he served one year for carrying a weapon in his car.

In mid-1931, "Capo di tutti capi" (the national mafia of all the chiefs) was killed Salvatore Maranzano. His crime set in motion the formation of the first national mafia governing commission, created to stop the many crimes caused by conflicts between and within the mafia families and to promote the application of modern business practices to crime.

Charles "Lucky" Luciano was the main developer of the commission and was appointed chairman. Al Capone Commission in Chicago, Joe Profaci in Brooklyn and Frank Milano in Cleveland were also named.

In December 1931, Angelo Lonardo and his cousin, Dominic Suspirato, were released from prison after being acquitted of the murder of "Black Sam" Todaro during a second trial. Because he avenged his father's death and (largely) escaped it, he became a respected member of Frank Milano's Mayfield Road Mob.

The thirst for revenge had not been satisfied for the members of the Lonardo family. It was generally believed

that "Black Sam" Todaro instigated and maybe took part in the crimes of "Big Joe" and John Lonardo. However, members of the Lonardo family believed that the remaining Porrello brothers, especially the volatile John and Raymond and older brother Rosario, are still a threat because of

the crimes of Joe and James Porrello.

On February 25, 1932, Raymond Porrello, his brother Rosario and their bodyguard Dominic Gulino (also known by many aliases) played cards near E. 110 and Woodland Avenue. The front door opened and, in a hail of bullets, the Porrello brothers, the bodyguard and a passenger descended. Porrellos died on the spot. Gulino died a few hours later. The fisherman has finally recovered


A few hours after the murders, Frank Brancato, with a bullet in his stomach, crawled into St. John from the west side of Cleveland. He claimed he was shot in a street fight on the west side. Several days later, tests on the bullet taken from Brancato revealed that it came from a weapon found at the Porrello brothers' crime scene. Although he was never convicted of any crime, Brancato was convicted of perjury for lying a Grand Jury about where he was at the time of the crime. He served four years after a one-to-ten-year sentence was commuted by Governor Martin L. Davey.

In 1933, the ban was repealed. Bootleg Christmases stopped especially as organized crime moved to other businesses. Angelo Lonardo continued his criminal career as a respected member of the Cleveland family, eventually rising to the ranks to run missiles in northeastern Ohio in 1980.

In early 1933, in the aftermath of the great Porrello family tragedy, Rosario's son, Angelo, 21, was killed in a fight for a Buffalo game. It was said that he and his uncle John were there trying to get involved in the corn liquor business.


Restaurant Training – Waiter Training Tips and Customer Service Waiter – Hospitality Education

Did you know that approximately 14 percent of your customers will not return to your business due to food quality and 68 percent because of service quality? So, does it make sense to train your waiters and waitresses to provide superior services to win your customers back every time?

To gain the competitive edge today, you need to do much more to put your restaurant on the "favorites" list. One way is by customizing the services for each type of customer that comes into your business. For example, the sales techniques and services used for a family with children are different from those that would be provided to older customers. The same is true for business customers as compared to tourists. It is never safe to think that your restaurant staff will inherently understand these differences. Unless they are trained, they are most likely to provide one size fits all services.

Teach your waiters and waitresses to be careful and follow the tips below to help assess the needs of your clients:

• Time limitation (free time or restricted)

• mood (holiday, romantic, stressed)

• Age group (children, adolescents, baby boomers, seniors, geriatrics)

• Purpose of their visit (social, private / intimate or business)

• Male Sex Female)

Because approximately 80 percent of communication is transmitted through facial gestures and verbal and nonverbal body language, as opposed to real words, teach your service team to focus on the following areas:

• Verbal language (voice tone, rate, inflection, speech, pronunciation and grammar)

• Body language (eye contact, facial expressions, gestures and movement)

Look for noticeable signs of a client in a hurry, such as looking at his watch, looking around or rubbing his neck, talking fast, crossing his arms, or tapping his fingers. Also, pay close attention to the image of your customers (for example, clothing, accessories, hair, makeup, etc.). This can also give you many clues about their dining needs.

Here is an exercise to share with the service team. Lists different types of customers and ways to customize services for each category of customers. During a pre-exchange meeting or company preparation session, consult this exercise with the restaurant's service staff.

Customer types and service suggestions:

1. Celebration

-Because customers who celebrate usually have bigger budgets, suggest higher priced items, along with food / alcohol for parties and a cake to recognize the occasion.

– Congratulate the celebrated client and focus on their main event

-I am social if I do not serve a couple who wants confidentiality

2. The elderly

-Because many older customers have a limited income, guide them to value-oriented foods and recommend light, soft and less spicy foods

– Be patient and talk slowly, design your voice and listen carefully

– Removes from acts that can be interpreted as condescending or treating them like children

3. Family (with children)

– Offer high chairs and booster seats

– We are ready to make your child's favorite suggestions and food easy to eat with your fingers

– Say something to get the child's attention (play cards, pencils, cookies)

– Be patient while the family is ordering and give the children the opportunity to place their own order

– Sumer honestly the client about their children

– Ask your child friendly questions for children

– Locate drinks where vomiting is less likely and remove obstacles (eg vases and centerpieces)

-Clean the spills and keep the area tidy

– Additional towels are delivered

4. Romantic couple

– Guide the couple to a cabin or a secluded area for privacy when they are sitting

-Suggest items at higher prices, along with wines, champagne and exotic desserts, as romantic couples and first-time people usually have larger budgets.

-Divide a highly organized and efficient service

-Minimize your conversation and allow them privacy, without going over them

5. Business

-Suggest items at higher prices, as many business people have established business accounts and allowances

-Suggest items that are prepared quickly and inform them if the selected order requires a long preparation, if they are in a business lunch

– Deliver a highly organized and efficient service and make sure your order is delivered promptly

– Minimize your conversation and allow them privacy without going over them

Please note: When serving alcohol, train your staff to be aware of the signs of intoxication and to avoid over-drinking. Teach your staff to refuse sales of alcohol to minors.

Other types of clients include clients who eat alone (the client alone), clients with disabilities, adolescents as clients, clients who are in a hurry, first-time clients, and clients who eat in large groups / gatherings. Again, each different type of customer has "specific" service needs. In addition to recognizing the category in which the clients belong, the above mentioned service suggestions are mentioned as recommendations and are not identified. Always, make sure you fully evaluate each table client by closely observing the language and body to determine how to interact positively with them. Mike Owens, CEO of Brick Oven LLC, located in Topeka, Kansas, says: "Using the above examples in role-playing scenarios is a very effective way to train your service teams … it helps them understand the full importance of adapting their service to the provision of the same canning service to all. "

The "service" does not just refer to the delivery of food and drinks to the table, but it offers the customer much more than expected. Implementing a solid training program that focuses on personalizing the service will separate you from your competitors. Overcoming the needs of each customer with a personalized service requires little extra time. However, it is worth the effort. When the customer wins, everyone wins and it's a triple play of more money for you, increased tips for service staff and happy customers who become loyal bosses and send their friends to your business.

London – a cornucopia of history and culture

The city of London is one of the largest in the world, with endless history; beautiful attractions; ideal places for famous activities; impressive architectural buildings and works of art. Over 2000 years of flourishing history have contributed to making the UK's lively city a world class destination.

Whether it is business or tourism, the extraordinary attraction for international visitors is truly due to many lifestyles and culture. Historic sites are alongside their modern counterpart. London is the ideal destination for anyone who loves art, music, architecture, entertainment, culture and history.

When you arrive in this city, you will find that all airports: Gatwick, Heathrow, Luton, Stansted and City airports provide excellent visitor facilities. There are taxis available to take you to any destination you want from both the airport and the airport.

When exploring this city, you can see Thames as well as a cruise to enjoy the city's sights. If you take a stroll on the banks of the rivers at night, it will also give you a pleasant experience. Other sights such as London Eye, Buckingham Palace, Big Ben, Tower of London, Westminster Abbey, Madame Tussauds, the British Museum and many more, all featuring modern history and development in this city.

Museums and galleries have had collections since the founding of London. The renowned works of world-renowned artists and famous authors are displayed so far in galleries and museums. Some of the famous galleries in London are The Tate Modern; National Portrait Gallery; Tate Britain National Gallery and Trafalgar Square & # 39; s.

Parks in London provide great entertainment for people of all ages. Hyde Park, Royal Botanic Gardens and Kensington Gardens are just a few of them. Other places to visit include Trafalgar Square, Leicester Square, Covent Garden and Piccadilly Circus.

This city is also among the best locations in the world to provide high quality education as well as opportunities for different professional and business careers. With national and international universities, you will be guaranteed a good standard education, whether you are a native or an overseas student who wants to study in London.

When it comes to sports, London has hosted a number of events and tournaments. There are stadiums in this city that host cricket, football and many other international sporting events. The 2012 Olympics are also scheduled in London, which will be the third time this event will take place in this city.

Make sure you make the necessary plans to travel to this city and get a taxi to visit various attractions and events without any problems.

How does the environment affect chemicals?

Household chemicals are used every day by millions of people to keep things clean, fresh, and harmless. Unfortunately, we do not realize what we are doing to the environment. If we take a look at the ingredients of these chemicals and how they are harmful to the environment, it may be enough to make us change our ways and create green homes for our own benefit and for the benefits of ecosystems.


Household chemicals include cleaning products (some contain bleach, chlorine and ammonia), pesticides, fertilizers, paints, car liquids, candles, aromatic sprays and many other household items that may be environmentally hazardous. . Garden cleaners, detergents, batteries and pesticides have environmental effects when they contaminate soil or water. Even continuous exposure to small amounts of the many harmful substances in homes can present long-term health risks to humans and animals.

Many laundry detergents contain phosphates, which can largely pollute the oceans. Phosphates from smaller bodies of water can encourage excessive growth of algae, which depletes the supply of oxygen in the water and creates harmful living conditions for animals. Households with septic tanks are discharged directly into the environment and can reach the water bodies without being treated.

Household chemicals are made from ingredients that can be harmful or life-threatening to skin or ingestion. Bleach and ammonia from different cleaning products can cause respiratory health problems with excessive exposure. Some toxic household substances can cause birth defects, brain damage, coma or death. Ordinary chemicals are also linked to many common health problems, such as headaches, joint pain, sleep loss, asthma, allergies and depression. Households have a higher risk of getting cancer from their increased exposure to the harmful chemicals they use in their homes every day.


Not only are there risks, but there are also proven negative effects of these household chemicals both on the environment and on our health. Excessive use of antimicrobial cleaning products is proven to increase antibiotic-resistant germs, which can only be eliminated with more harmful chemicals. Pesticides harm the environment with harsh chemicals that are intended to harm only certain pests. Spray propellants contain chlorofluorocarbons, which have been recognized as harmful to terrestrial ozone. We sacrifice a small part of the rich environment every time we use pesticides at home. The negative effects continue as we look at everything that is deteriorating in the environment that is affecting our own lives as well.

Cleaning agents, detergents, pesticides and weed killers often find their way into the soil and then into the bodies of water. These chemicals, as well as leakage, can be harmful or deadly to sea animals and plants. Chemical residues of household chemicals can be filtered into soils and contaminate the groundwater supply after they have been improperly disposed of. Household drugs, cosmetics and chemicals are harmful to fish and turtle breeding and immunity systems that become exposed to harmful ingredients. Weed killers and non-biodegradable chemicals from soaps and shampoos are also harmful to aquatic life when they reach the waters. Contaminated waters affect the diversity and growth of life at sea and continue to endanger water bodies for drinking or recreation. Also, waste water is drained into bodies of water frequently, which leads to exposure of people to these harmful chemicals.

What can we do about it?

Now that you know all about the effects we have on the environment while we are in our homes, see what a difference you can make. Buy natural cleaning products without any harmful chemicals or buy full cleaning products to cover most of your cleaning needs. Use baking soda, alcohol or vinegar as an alternative to harmful chemicals. Remove chemical-based cleaning agents and other hazardous items from your home to prevent damage to your ecosystems and your own health. Make time to help the environment in which you live and the distant ones who are affected by your actions. Before making a purchase, make sure you do the right thing for your health and the environment.

The early history of bar stickers

In 1927, Henry Ford changed the way we went from point A to point B. We replaced the horse and carriage with the Model A, then quickly found a way to turn these metal contractions into a new way of expressing our opinions. . Henry Ford did something else for us with the car. He pulled them out for thousands to buy and, as people began to have accidents, he added the bumper to provide some protection in front of and behind the car. Combine this bumper with the American desire for free expression, and people have found a new way to advertise their products and ideas.

The first protective "stickers" were made of cardboard and metal. These were then connected by wire and string. In fact, they looked more like a license plate than a sticker. However, they were foreshadowers of the protection stickers, as we know them today.

A change in the way the bumper stickers were made was to come later. In the 1930s, Forest P. Gill worked for the Crawford production company in Kansas City, Missouri. The company made fabrics such as seat covers and tires. The cloth was also a very versatile material, because it could be printed with silk screen printing. These inks were different from the dyes that have been used in the past, because the dyes will fade or flow in sunlight or rain. As a result, canvas has proven to be an excellent choice for outdoor print ads. Soon, the canvas was used for outdoor advertisements on canvas covers that passed through the shop windows and were subsequently used to cover spare tires and to convert them into commercials.

After Crawford Manufacturing Company went out of business, Gill chose to go into business for himself. Gill received some printing equipment from his former employer and started a printing business in the basement of his home in 1934.

Gill strived to get to the end and printed everything from protective signs to labels. The fingerprints were treated with chemicals to prevent them from working and weather resistant. As Gill's operation increased, she had to hire employees. Gill moved from the basement to downtown 906 in Kansas City. The store was just down the block from the Savoy Hotel, where Harry Truman would have lunch at the Savoy Grill.

Later in 1946, a new trend of inks and dyes appeared. Switzer Brother & # 39; s Inc., located in Cleveland, Ohio, created these. They introduced new colors that were called DayGlo because of the bright and shiny look of the day. Gill soon began experimenting with these new inks and creating signs with them. These inks were very appealing, and advertisers wanted to use them to get more attention.

At the same time, another revelation was created. This revelation was a new sticky paper that became available to commercial printers. On the back of these papers, a support could be removed and the paper could then be glued onto a smooth surface. Until now, silk stickers were used only with water-activated gingival paper, but they could not be maintained in time and were destroyed in time.

Elsewhere in Kansas City, a printer told Gill about a company that used independent sellers to advertise products that were sold regionally, traveling door-to-door. Gill has contacted the National Advertising Specialty Company, located in Arlington, Texas. The company helped Gill create an ad to advertise stickers for sales representatives, who could then sell them in various locations, such as tourist destinations. The bumper sticker quickly became the perfect souvenir, as people bought cars after the war.

The first stickers were printed on a blue and black background. The ink was fluorescent and they clearly announced the place where the family had gone on vacation. In a short time, they helped spread the word about tourist destinations located throughout the country. To advertise, Gill placed the name of his company right on the bottom of the protective stickers he printed. It has launched a product that will soon become part of our democracy and will become a symbol of the first amendment.

90210 Naomi's character is not a jerk

In the 1990s, I was a fan of the Beverly Hills show 90210. I watched it in college and for most of the decade. So when a new 90210 came to CW this season, I was watching some of it because it had some of the old comebacks like Brenda and Kelly. The premise for this new show is about a family in Kansas who come to Beverly Hills to move in with their mother / grandmother, who is an older actress, who needs help from her son and her family. They have an adopted son and a daughter attending West Beverly High. This is the alma mater of the group that participated in the '90s. I only watched this show in spurts. However, from an anti-bullying perspective, I must recommend this show because it is a good one.

There are four main characters who would say they are friends but have had problems. Two of them are best friends (Naomi and Silver), one is a children's actress who supports her mother (Adriana), and the other is Kansas (Annie). Naomi and Adriana are BFFs while Annie and Silver (original 90210 Erin Silver) are close. Naomi told everyone about Silvers' parents divorcing in middle school, which left Silver bitter. Adriana was sent to rehab for a drug problem and is now pregnant. Annie and Naomi fought for a boy named Ethan who was Naomi's boyfriend and now it's Annie's. There is a good chance that Silver will be diagnosed bi-polar this season and keep a blog in which she expressed her anger, but she stopped posting so much and channeled her energy into her boyfriend Dixon. Despite this drama, there is no relational aggression in this regard. At first, I thought Naomi would be an average girl, but not only did she apologize to Silver for doing what she did, but girls are learning to understand each other. When Adriana was in rehabilitation and became pregnant, Naomi proved to be a loyal and supportive friend despite her strong personality and upset Adriana while in rehabilitation. Naomi ruined Annie's birthday party because Annie stole Ethan. However, neither of the girls allowed the angry man to be against each other out of control. In fact, the feud was left alone. Naomi may be ugly, but I found that she only reacted when she was offended. He shows his anger and goes on and is no longer afraid of the matter at hand. Also, Annie and Ethan were talking to a girl at their school they talked about had a devastating experience at the hands of regular girls from a former school and you could see the pain in front of her. Instead of aggravating it, Annie and Ethan expressed compassion for her, not rejection. Even if events took place. The most important thing is that there are no queen bees and no power shifts and that feeds someone who is aggressive.

I'll go out and say it. Despite Naomi's strong will, she has to be cool, that she is spoiled and tends to take revenge when she is offended, at the end of the day, she is not a jerk and that's why. When two girls are fighting and hurting each other, this is not intimidating. Even though Naomi hurt Silver with her words and Silver retweeted in her blog posts, Naomi took responsibility for what happened and did the right thing with each other. Even though Naomi and Annie fought for Ethan, this did not seep into other relationships or fester's involvement. The batsmen keep the drama moving and allow their power to get out of control, while their targets do not react. What happened in this show is a typical teen drama. It is normal for girls to get annoyed with a boy. Both Annie and Naomi behaved badly to each other. This happens when two people are in a fight. People will agree and be upset. However, they keep it between them and no one tries to defeat the other. Also, batsmen do not stand with their friends when they are in trouble, unless it benefits them in some way. What has Adriana Naomi wants? Naomi comes from a much richer background. She lives in a luxury hotel, unlike Adriana, she lives with her mother who is trying to help her fulfill every month. Naomi may not see Adriana as a threat, but she has shown compassion and support for her and stood up for her. They do not seem to have hidden agendas in this regard. I think she takes genuine care of Adriana. Bulbs do not have this ability inside them.

It is important to understand these differences between strong and struggling personalities. People will probably say Naomi is ugly and yes, she can be. However, this is only when someone has first angered her. It does not aim at people intentionally causing pain. There is nothing wrong with being upset and there is nothing wrong with having a strong personality. Naomi is not perfect by any stretch and has done some bad things. However, she has taken responsibility and right there, that shows she is not a jerk. Please learn to distinguish between the two. You know that a fight is just that; a fight. Disagreement and anger among people is normal. What is not normal is when you celebrate, get out of hand, people take part, someone starts to gain power and the queen bees materialize. On 90210, there is no queen bee and for this reason alone, this show is much better to watch than others there. On the anti-bully scale, I give my fingers up.

Best Roads – Pacific Coast Highway to the Amalfi Coast Road

Best Road Trips for Adventure: Explore the edges of the map on these distant roads.

The classic destinations of the American road trip, Death Valley and Pacific Coast Highway have both promising names. Death Valley and the ghost towns, narrow canyons and open deserts around it are like an invitation for boys and tough people who seek to escape society's bars, while the Pacific Coast Highway promises the clear beauty of the American beauty ocean – dramatic faces. rocks, beaches, secluded bays, mountain forests and protected wildlife.

The best road trips for luxury: wind in hair freedom in style.

These road trips are made for the honeymoon. The best car scenario is something elegant, with an open top and Italian. The clear seas, the bright villages and the stone churches of the Amalfi Coast, between Positano, Sorrento, Ravello and Amalfi, are well stocked with small boutique hotels, hidden cups and terraces of intimate cafes to watch the sun set and create the classic . eloper's dream. A trip along the French Riviera between Nice and Monte Carlo wins chic games, especially if you happen to make money at any of the casinos running the route. For lovers of the title, the Romantic Road from Heidelberg Castle to Neuschwanstein Castle runs along the old trade route between medieval cities and fairytale castles.

The Karakoram Highway follows the route of the old silk road to one of the highest elevations in the world among some of the highest landscapes in the K2 round, Nanga Parbat and Gasherbrums I-IV. The Southern Road or the South Freeway runs on a largely unpaved odyssey through Patagonia, stopping in remote cities along the way.

The journey between Marrakech and Essaouira through the Atlas Mountains is a bit off, but the trip to the south, through spectacular desert landscapes, among the snow-covered remnants of the Atlas Mountains and along the ridges of the lush, hidden valleys will take you to the edge of the Sahara. , as well as in Atlase, before the coast is in front of you in Essaouira.

Best Road Trips for Sightseeing: Drive through some of the best sights in the world.

For picturesque days full of fun and sights and evenings spent in cozy B & Bs, a trip along the Irish Antrim Coast road, past the Morne Mountains, Carrickfergus Castle, Bushmills, Dunluce Castle, Giant's Causeway and Glens of Antrim or America's Blue Ridge Parkway, though Great Smoky Mountains, are great family trips.

The 1000 Lakes Trip from Finland is a classic eight or nine day Scandinavian family. Ex Helsinki weaves around the beautiful lakeside country, among the 187,000 lakes, with overnight stops in comfortable country cities. The Reykjavik route to Akureyri by Geysir, Reykjanes Peninsula and Snæfellsnes Peninsula is another great choice for sightseeing and you can do it in one day, taking snapshots along the way or going slow and admiring the sites.

The Hana Highway from Hawaii, from Pa. To Hana, is a much shorter trip, but with lots to see, from bamboo and eucalyptus plateaus, through waterfalls to panoramic views of the Pacific Ocean. you will remember the rest of your life, while the Overseas Highway from Miami to Key West, which runs 113 miles on 43 long, flat, straight ocean bridges, is the equivalent of the road trip of island hops.

The best road trips for history: the withdrawal of historical routes.

Follow Che Guevara's unpaved footsteps between Santa Cruz and Vallegrande, while traveling though Bolivia and eventually resting or watching the first Viking incursions into Canada on the Viking route. Passing the Norwegian landing spot at L'Anse aux Meadows and, although Gros Morne National Park, for rock art and staying there, this trip also passes between the rather large coastal cities, most of which have a Viking museum. the place where the relic site is housed.

Route 66 is the classic road trip in American folklore, following the old trade route between rural villages. From the fields of Illinois, Kansas and Oklahoma, to the deserts of Texas and New Mexico to the coast of California, this road is also called Main Street USA.

Thanksgiving Football

Have fun and Games they are always an inevitable part of entertainment for young and old alike. The people of America celebrate this festival of charitable giving by their eager participation in the game football this brings waves of joy and pleasure into the hearts of the fanatical football fan crowd, who are crazy about the football craze this festive season. Over the years, football became synonymous with this joyous festival of Thanksgiving.

Many interesting traditions penetrate deep into the festival of Thanksgiving, such as the football game compliments this festival of joy. Professional football was the last of the contemporary tendencies to celebrate the spirit of Thanksgiving. In 1874, eleven years after Lincoln's first proclamation intercollegiate football the game was played. Two years later, in the North-East, the Intercollegiate Football Association was set up, which set up a championship game mainly to entertain people. Thanksgiving. Every year, strong competitors, like Princeton and Yale, would live with each other to make available the trophy of the most coveted winner. Players, students and fans will wear their school colors as a sign of representation with banners flying up from cars, hotels and business units in New York. On Thanksgiving church services will end early to shelter the fans, the game is set to begin the season festivity for the social elite of New York. It gained such popularity that soon in the mid-1890s, 1,20,000 athletes from colleges, clubs and high schools participated in 5,000 Football Thanksgiving games across the nation.

The habit of watching a football game on Thanksgiving has evolved in the first decades of the twentieth century. As football paved the way in the hearts of people, winning millions, giving it a huge popularity since the 1920s and 1930s and gaining in itself the much more prestigious position it enjoys today, many have begun to visit the football stadium to watch the same. Famous teams that play for the world famous football league from America has finally established the tradition of playing nationally televised games on Thanksgiving. Besides the conventional competition organized by nationally recognized football league in America, many high schools and colleges also organize "Turkey Day"Football games on Thanksgiving weekend, often between regional or historical rivals. However, Thanksgiving football played in schools and colleges across America, has now more or less been forgotten in most sections of the country, with the maintenance being maintained. in life only in two franchised cities American football leaguenamely Detroit and Dallas, where Thanksgiving football it is very much a way of life.

Thanksgiving football most often associated with the Lions team and a tradition that has been popular since 1934 in the city of Detroit. The game was the idea of ​​G.A. Richards, the first owner of the team, with a fierce lion, as quality players who are part of the team. In fact, four generations of Detroiters have been a proud part of the Thanksgiving American holiday. Some 71 years later, Michigan-based fans turned a local event into an annual holiday event, giving it the shape of the largest tradition in history. American professional team sports. In fact, no other professional team sports can claim to be so much part of a year American Holidays like that team with a fierce lion as the team of the players with Thanksgiving. This team hosted a game every Thanksgiving day starting in 1934, except 1939-1944 because of World War II. Dallas also hosted football matches every Thanksgiving day since 1966.

We find out that everything saw its origin in 1934, when a local radio executive, G.A. Richards had bought the Spartans from Portsmouth, Ohio and moved the team to Detroit, Motor City. Lions being new to the city he had taken a place behind the Baseball Tigers on the sports pages. Richards had practical reasons for scheduling the game on Thanksgiving, because he was also wise enough to realize that the best way to advertise the team would be to opt for the Thanksgiving contest. Motor City fans in the first season of the teams. . The fierce clash between Lions and the invincible world champion, the robust one bears from Chicago It has proven to be a classic of all time. Lions they were exceptionally good, with eight victories that supported them, leading them to their entry alongside bears with a record of 10-1. But Chicago had an even better record, holding a commanding position with 11 straight wins. The match then reached an interesting stage in which a win in the only fateful game would ensure if Lions will receive equality in the first place with bears. Two weeks before that fateful match, 26,000 tickets were sold for the University of Detroit Stadium's "Turkey Day" clash. Richards has not been disappointed in the last two losses, quite pleased with how his team has evolved even in its first year. His faith and confidence in the team were well rewarded when Lions has won the popular America since 1935 Football league championship. The final game was scheduled on Thanksgiving, when the Lions defeated the Bears 14-2 to place the trophy at the Western Championship. Radio with its huge advertising potential was used as bait to capture the public. Richards together with the nationally recognized radio broadcasting company, set up a network of 94 stations for broadcasting the program Lions-Bears showdown. Since then, the league has conventionally scheduled two nationally televised games on Thanksgiving, usually featuring the famous footballer from Dallas, one of the most successful and popular sports franchises and players in Detroit, one of the least successful.

2006 will be the 87th season of worldwide acclaim American Football and it is assumed that it will run from September 7 until New Year's Eve, December 31. Three games were ideally programmed to be played on Thanksgiving. In addition to the traditional annual game between the world famous American Football players from home games in Detroit and Dallas that day, Kansas City bosses who hosted games in the American football league today, will relive this tradition in 2006 by hosting Denver players on Thanksgiving. All of these games are scheduled to be released in prime time.

Friends and family all over America usually prefer to walk around the radio or TV to catch the live broadcast of the match, while throwing in the special dishes prepared to commemorate Thanksgiving. Thus, every Thanksgiving would actually revive the old classic tradition of enjoying a football match as part of the holiday. Over the decades, football and Thanksgiving has established a strong connection, leading to a high adrenaline rush.

JT Thomas has entered the minor league football hall

James "JT" Thomas, a former West Virginia Mountain linebacker, will be inducted into the Minor League Soccer Hall of Fame on Thursday, December 6, 2007, at the Oasis Resort Hotel & Casino in Mesquite, Nevada.

Thomas's appointment was reviewed by the MLFN Board of Directors and received notification of his acceptance on July 30.

"It is truly an honor to receive this award," Thomas said. "I owe thanks to everyone who has supported me over the years."

Thomas used his strong leadership skills, tireless work ethic and passion for the game to become a driving force in the development and promotion of the minor league and semi-professional football throughout the Midwest.

The story of JT Thomas' football career can be divided into three distinct chapters: player, coach and executive. Thomas's collegiate career began at Fort Scott Community College (Kansas) in 1992. Following his senior season, Thomas transferred to West Virginia University (WVU).

In two seasons at Fort Scott – both as team captains – Thomas earned two All-Kansas Jayhawk Conference honors at the foundation and defensive player of the 1992 game in the Valley of the Sun. In the indoor gamebacker for WVU, Thomas received two Mountaineer Club awards for excellence on the field, earned two All-Big East honors, and won Defensive Player of the Game in the CarQuest Bowl since 1994. He also led both teams in approaches each season.

A successful college career led Thomas to the semi-pro football circuit in 1996 with the Charleston Rockets, where he managed to play with former WVU senior Harris. Returning to outside linebacker, Thomas led the team in tackles and became an All-Star league, while the Rockets ended their regular season with 11 games 10-1. Thomas tried to make his way from a semi-pro ball to the Arena Football League in 1997 with the Albany Firebirds, but was injured at the end of his career on the third day of training.

Instead of helmets and pads, the next step in Thomas' football career featured headphones and clipboards. After serving as defensive coordinator for a 13-16 year old championship team, Thomas returned to semi-pro football in 2000 as the head coach of West Virginia WHAM! Located in Morgantown, WV, Thomas has a .695 win percentage (41 wins, 18 losses), won three Coach of the Year awards and coached three All-Star league games in six seasons as a WHAM! trainer.

In 2001, Thomas also led WHAM! at the Mid-Ohio Football League (MOFL) Championship.

In the 2003 season, Thomas took over the full ownership of WHAM! When he gave up the EC! In 2005, he decided to shift his full-time focus to developing the success of semi-professional football and WHAM! franchise. In the two years since his coaching career ended, Thomas has held leadership positions in the Ohio Valley and MOFL Football League. In January 2007, Thomas was promoted to MOFL Commissioner.

Currently, Thomas oversees MOFL's day-to-day operations – an expanding league with 10 semi-pro teams in Ohio, Michigan and Kentucky. His love for semi-professional football is only associated with his desire to see MOFL – and every minor league football organization – to produce a competitive, organized, developed and fun football product for players in the game and fans in the stands.

Thomas also serves as a semi-professional sports consultant with League Level, LLC, a company that offers marketing strategies and promotions for organizations focused on amateur and semi-professional athletics.

He currently lives in Morgantown, WV, with his wife Rochelle and two children, Jared, 3 years old and AJ, 10 months. Thomas also has a son, JT Thomas III, from a previous relationship.