Egyptian mystical and timeless attraction for centuries shows that the ancient country is among the most amazing sightseeing destinations in the world.
Egypt can be reached by air, water, road and rail. Those traveling by air can arrive via the international airports in Cairo, Alexandria, Nozah, Luxor and Aswan in Upper Egypt, Hurghab in the Red Sea and Sharm El-Sheikh in South Sinai.
There are several aircraft that offer flights to Egypt, including British Airways, Alitalia, Turkish Airlines, Ethiopian Airlines, Royal Dutch Airlines and Thai Airways International.
In addition to airports, there are a number of seaports for those who prefer to travel by sea. For those traveling on the Mediterranean, all possible entry points are the ports of Alexandria, Port Said and Damietta. Directly in the Gulf of Suez is the port and another port of Nuweiba in the Gulf of Aqaba. The Red Sea offers passengers three options; Hurghaba, Safaga and Sharm El-Sheikh ports.
For those who prefer road trips, there are three ground entry points. The entry point of Salloum is located on the northwest border (for those coming from Libya). The famous Rafah crossing is on the northeast border for those coming from the Gaza Strip, occupied territories and Israel. There is a post office in Taba for those who come from Israel.
To enter Egypt without stress it is necessary to get the right paper work and visa. Other Egyptian visitors coming to Egypt are required to have a valid passport. Visas can be obtained from Egypt's diplomatic and consular missions abroad, the entry visa department or the Immigration and Government Administration (TDINA). However, visitors can obtain an entry visa at any important point of entry.
Visitors entering Egypt at a land border crossing to Taba to visit the shores of the Gulf of Aqaba and Sts. Catherine can be exempted from the visa requirement and can obtain a residence permit for 14 days free of charge to visit the area. The following countries must have a pre-accession visa: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chechnya, Croatia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Macao, Macedonia, Malaysia, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and all African countries.
Persons holding a residence permit in Egypt may not obtain an entry visa if they leave the country and return to it within the validity period of the residence permit or within six months, whichever is the shorter. There are three types of visas to Egypt. Tourist visas are normally valid for a period not exceeding three months and issued on the basis of one or more entries. Entry visas are required for all visitors who come to Egypt, for example, for work and study that is not related to tourism. This visa is necessary for the completion of the procedure in Egypt. Transit visas are available to travelers traveling through Egypt. Once in Egypt, visitors have different options to get around the country comfortably and conveniently. Options range from renting cars, luxury trains and coaches to domestic flights connecting tourist cities.
When arriving via Cairo International, you have the option of renting a fixed-fee limousine according to the location of your accommodation from the airport, or take advantage of a transfer service from Cairo covering the whole country and the airport. You can request this service from a travel agent or from the airport information desk.
The easiest and most common way to move in any city is by taxi. It is easily accessible in major cities, for example in Cairo it has a fleet of air-conditioned and measured yellow cabins. One is the one who advises to book a taxi at least an hour before their scheduled travel time. In some cases, it is recommended that you request a payment receipt to avoid any inconvenience later. Alternatively, one could catch a regular taxi on the street or even outside their hotel. They are usually colored depending on the city in which they operate. In Alexandria they are yellow and black, in Cairo they are black and white. It is very important to know the color codes in different cities to minimize the risks.
Egypt's capitals have a healthy bus system in and between cities. Examples are the Super Jet, Delta and Upper Egypt buses. They go from town to town and provide catering facilities, toilets and entertainment on board. The disadvantage of traveling with buses is that it stops too often and so lasts too long, especially on long-distance trips. Rail travel is highly recommended for long-distance travel.
The underground, which consists of two long lines, is the cheapest and fastest way to move inside Cairo and Giza, especially during rush hours (from 14:00 to 17:00). The first from Helwan to El Marg has 33 stops; the second from Giza to Shoubra El Khema has 18 stops. Note that the first carriage on each train is always exclusively for women. Summer working hours are from 6:00 to 1:00 and winter working hours are from 6:00 to 12:00.
Many transport companies offer a wide selection of luxury cars and coaches with well-trained drivers. Car rentals are represented in large cities as well as at international and domestic airports. The train is one of the best ways to travel between major Egyptian cities.
There are three types of trains: plain, express and turbo. Express and turbo are more expensive options, but they come with the advantage of a pampered path that will quickly bring you to your destination, with all the restaurants and air conditioning. There is excellent train service between Cairo and the capitals throughout the country. The train takes approximately two hours to depart from Cairo to Alexandria.
For those who prefer on-site air transport, Egypt Air – a national carrier – connects most of Egypt's tourist cities with reliable domestic flights. It is possible to fly directly from Luxor to Sharm El Sheikh or Alexandria.